Cavities and tooth decay are one of the world's most common health problems. Cavities are tiny holes or gaps in the hard surface of your teeth. They are caused by bacteria, sugary drinks or acidic food, and a lack of oral hygiene. It's the formation of plaque that wears away the minerals in your teeth's hard, outer enamel. Without treatment, cavities grow larger and affect further layers of your teeth, resulting in infections, abscesses, toothaches or even tooth loss. Because we don't always know when a cavity is forming, it is important to be aware of symptoms or signs that may let you treat it early. These signs include things such as tooth sensitivity and aches, visible holes or pits in your teeth, pain when you bite down, and discoloured staining on any surface of your teeth.
Every morning you should give your teeth a good brushing and floss to help prevent tooth decay. Brush with fluoride toothpaste after drinking or eating, and use mouth wash. Try to eat tooth-healthy foods and avoid frequent snacking and sipping. Additionally, you should schedule regular dental check ups for cleaning and identification of oral problems. Treatment of cavities include fluoride treatments in the form of gel or liquids, fillings, crowns, root canals, or even tooth extractions if your tooth is severely decayed. For more information about tooth decay and cavities contact the dental team at Rainbow Dental Centre in Angus, Ontario.